Beatles producer George Martin is born in London. He signs the group to EMI in 1962 and his expertise as an arranger helps shape the band's unique sound. Upon Martin's death in 2016, Paul McCartney states: "If anyone earned the title of the fifth Beatle it was George."
Abbey Road Studios opens for business at 3 Abbey Road, St. John's Wood, London. The Beatles do most of their recording there and name their 1969 album Abbey Road, with a famous photo of the band traversing the crosswalk outside the studio.
Brian Epstein (Beatles manager) is born in Liverpool, Lancashire, England.
The Beatles' original bass player Stu Sutcliffe is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. He leaves the group before they hit it big so he can pursue painting.
Original The Beatles drummer Pete Best is born in Delhi, India.
Paul McCartney is born James Paul McCartney in Allerton, Liverpool, England.
The Cavern Club, where The Beatles cut their teeth, opens in Liverpool, England.
The Quarrymen (minus new member Paul McCartney, away at Scout camp) make their debut at Liverpool's Cavern Club. Manager Alan Sytner instructs them not to play Rock and Roll, but midway through their skiffle performance, John lights into a version of Elvis' "Don't Be Cruel," which the crowd loves. The group, of course, becomes The Beatles.
The Beatles start their run at the Indra Club in Hamburg, Germany, honing their skills with four-hour sets where they play lots of R&B covers along with their original songs.
George Harrison of The Beatles is deported back to England when authorities in Germany, where the band has been performing, learn he is just 17.
Returning from Hamburg, Germany, The Beatles play a show in their hometown of Liverpool, England, with Chas Newby filling in for Stu Sutcliffe, who stays in Germany and never rejoins the band. The show gets a lot of attention, and is an early taste of Beatlemania.
The Beatles, with a lineup of Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison, bass player Stuart Sutcliffe and drummer Pete Best, play the Cavern Club in Liverpool for the first time, earning £5 for the lunchtime gig. They become regulars at the club, where they end up doing 291 more shows.
The Beatles begin a grueling gig at Hamburg's Top Ten Club - seven hours a day on weekdays (eight hours on weekends) for three months.
The Beatles, known as The Beat Brothers, get some press in the British paper Mersey Beat, which announces their first record deal.
Liverpool record store owner Brian Epstein visits the local Cavern Club to check out the lunchtime show by a band he's heard a lot about: The Beatles. He becomes their manager, and in June 1962, lands them a deal with Parlophone Records.
The Beatles sign their first and only management contract with Brian Epstein at the manager's offices at 12 Whitechapel St. in Liverpool. Epstein is to receive a full one-quarter of the band's earnings, yet to prove his worth, he does not sign the contract until the following October.
The Beatles record their first radio show, performing three cover songs for the BBC show Teenager's Turn - Here We Go in front of a live audience at the Playhouse Theatre in Manchester, England. It's their first appearance wearing suits.
The Beatles begin their legendary stint at the new Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany. Performing three to four hours a night for 48 days (with only one day off), the group logs a total of 172 hours of performance. When they return to England, they're already stars with a recording contract.
Stu Sutcliffe, original bass guitarist for The Beatles, dies at age 21 of a brain aneurysm.
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